Our friend

short stay among us. Colo john laurens with our friend mr pain arrivd here a few days ago from france. He left the town the day after his arrival. His visit to me was so short that i could not converse with him so fully as i wishd. I hope he will be able to inform you of his complete success in his negociation. Will you be so kind as to give me such intelligence as you may receive from him or any other person from europe. I wish to know the true state of our affairs. Are we soon to have peace. However desireable this may be, we must not wish for it on any terms but such


to thomas mckean.1 ms., historical society of pennsylvania. Boston augt 29th 1781 my honord friend i have not yet acknowledgd your obliging letter of the 8th of july, deliverd to me by mr davidson. Bodily indisposition prevented my writing, when he returnd. I fancy he settled his affairs here to his own satisfaction. He is much esteemd by those who were favord with his company, i hope he met with nothing disagreable to him during his

performance has lately crept

performance has lately crept out, called the times. I have had a cursory reading of it. It appears to me so much like the productions of certain geniuses who figurd in mr popes time, that had the author been cotemporary with them, a page might have been added to the dunciad, to immortalize his works. I will endeavor to get some parts of it transcribd carry them to boston. I am sure the reading it would serve to divert rather than to give you the least pain. My due regards to friends. Your affectionate

not so favorable but

not so favorable but having had an opportunity of critically observing him in the late convention at cambridge, i am satisfied he is a virtuous citizen, and possessd of the genuine principles of new england. That mr rivington, if this letter should fall into his hands, may not pretend to be at a loss to know what is here meant, i will inform him that the genuine principles of new england are republican principles which have been admired by some of the greatest characters, whom if he is an englishman his country can boast of. You i, among others, have had the honor of being abusd by rivingtons press. A labord

letter to mrs a

letter to mrs a of the 1st of feby which she communicated to you. I am glad she did it in a manner so acceptable. Indeed i never found reason to doubt her discretion. What you have written is very obliging satisfactory to me. I hope to have the pleasure of seeing you next month. We will then, after our usual manner, disclose each others hearts. Your letter of the 31st decr was not long ago deliverd to me by the count chartres. He appears to me to be an amiable finespirited young nobleman. After a short stay here, he preceded with the marqs de la

generally good, and always

generally good, and always supposed to be honestly intended, carries with it an authority scarcely to be resisted, and precedents are thus formed which may prove dangerousperhaps fatal. i did not receive your favor of the 3d instt till yesterday a week later than letters of the same date from some others of my boston friends were brought to me by the post. As the subject is delicate, i do not chuse to continue it in this letter, which is to go thro a channel provd from repeated experience to be uncertain unsafe. It was for this reason that i committed to the care of a private friend, my

of it. Power is

of it. Power is in its nature incroaching and such is the human make, that men who are vested with a share of it, are generally inclined to take more than it was intended they should have. The love of power, like the love of money, increases with the possession of it and we know, in what ruin these baneful passions have involved human societies in all ages, when they have been let loose and suffered to rage uncontrouled there is no restraint like the pervading eye of the virtuous citizens.i hope therefore our countrymen will constantly exercise that right which the meanest of them is intitled to, and which

considered by them as

considered by them as a debt of gratitude, and a virtue. He had many excellent qualities. His manners were conciliatinghis courage and abilities greatbut the people by an entire confidence in him suffered him to lay a foundation for absolute monarchy. They were charmed with his moderation and wisdom, qualities which he really possessed but they did not consider his ambition, nor had they a thought of his views. They found peace restored, order established, justice administered, commerce protected, and the arts and sciences encouraged, and they looked no further. They did not imagine, that he who had been

private emolument to himself

private emolument to himself and his family, but has faithfully given his vote for the candidate whom he thought most worthy the choice of free and virtuous citizensi congratulate that legislator, magistrate governor, who knows that neither smiles, entreaties, gifts, dissimulation, intrigue, nor any base and dishonorable practices have procured him this exalted station. His fellow citizens, unsollicited by him, have called him into their service, from the opinion they have formed of his integrity and adequate abilities.he feels himself happy in their opinion of himhappy is he indeed, if he is conscious he deserves

dugans coming. Pray let

dugans coming. Pray let her know that i receivd her letter am well. My compts to the circle about you. Your affectionate, 1 speaker of the house of representatives of massachusetts. Article, unsigned. Boston gazette, april 16, 1781 a draft is in the samuel adams papers, lenox library.1 extract of a letter from the southward. Before this will reach you, your countrymen will have finished the

important business of electing

important business of electing their legislators, magistrates and governors for the ensuing year. I hope they have made a wise choice. At least, from the opinion i entertain of their virtue, i am persuaded they have acted with all that deliberation and caution which the solemnity of the transaction required. They may then reflect, each one on his own integrity, and appeal to the monitor within his breast, that he has not trifled with the sacred trust reposed in him by god and his countrythat he has not prostituted his honor and conscience to please a friend or a patron that he has not been influenced with the view of

have been if she

have been if she had listened to you. What do you know. Who betrayed me. You, yourself. When you came down with pneumonia after the burial, i sat with you through a night of delirium. Bartholomew storrs bowed his head. My sin hath found me out, he groaned. God knows i loved her, andand i hadnt the strength not to tell her. Id have given up everything for her, my hope of heaven, mymyi d have given up my office and gone away from gods acre. And that was twenty years ago. Ii dont sleep o

commonwealth. And after he

commonwealth. And after he has made his utmost exertions for its prosperity, has he done more than his duty. When time enfeebles his powers renders him unfit for further service, his country, to preserve its own vigour will wisely call upon others and if he decently retreats to make room for them he will show that he has not yet totally lost his understanding. Besides, there is a period in life when a man should covet the exalted pleasure of reflection in retirement. I thank you, my dear sir, for the information you gave mrs a of mr

attendance. I will then

attendance. I will then explain the hint i have now given you, more fully than i chuse to do in a letter by the post. You mention a certain juncture when you wish me to return. I think i can discover your motive and your old partiality for me. I do assure you, i am not at all sollicitous about any thing of the kind which your letter seems to intimate. I have always endeavord to confine my desires in this life within moderate bounds, and it is time for me to reduce them to a narrower compass. You speak of neglect, ingratitude c. But let us entertain just sentiments. A citizen owes everything to the

massachusetts, will ever sink

massachusetts, will ever sink into the violence and rage of party, which has often proved fatal to free republicks. 1 endorsed by adams the foregoing was sent to mr edes by the post march 13, 1781. To caleb davis1 ms., samuel adams papers, lenox library. Philade april 3 1781 dear sir i have just receivd your favor of the 17th ulto by mr dugan. The

compliment to please an

compliment to please an individual, or at least that he ought not so to do but that he is executing one of the most solemn trusts in human society, for which he is accountable to god and his country. When the great body of the people are determined not to be imposed upon by a false glare of virtues held before their eyes, but, making up their own minds, shall impartially give in their suffrages, after their best enquiries into the characters of candidates, for those whom they judge to be the fittest persons, there will be no danger that the generous enthusiasm of freedom, so characteristic of the people of

hope the great business

hope the great business of elections will never be left by the many, to be done by the few for before we are aware of it, that few may become the engine of corruptionthe tool of a junto.heaven forbid. That our countrymen should ever be byassd in their choice, by unreasonable predilections for any man, or that an attachment to the constitution, as has been the case in other countries, should be lost in devotion to persons. The effect of this would soon be, to change the love of liberty into the spirit of faction. Let each citizen remember, at the moment he is offering his vote, that he is not making a present or a

I was sorry to

I was sorry to hear, that the number of votes returned, the last time, did not amount to a quarter of the number of qualified electors in the commonwealth. The choice of legislators, magistrates and governors, is surely a business of the greatest moment, and claims the attention of every citizen. The framers of our constitution, while they gave due attention to political were not forgetful of civil libertythat personal freedom and those rights of property, which the meanest citizen is intitled to, and the security of which is the great end of political society. It was not indeed their province to make particular laws for

a thousand courtly addresses

a thousand courtly addresses which are commonly the breath of vanity and adulation.there is a charm in virtue to force esteem.if men of a different character have by any means been advanced to those hallowd seats, who have even sollicited public employments to give a scope to views of ambition and avarice, passions which have in all ages been the bane of human society or, to gratify the raging thirst for popular applause, a disease with which little minds are usually tormented, it is our happiness that the constitution requires annual elections, and such mistakes may be corrected at the next.